Incidence Rate and Diseases of Small Animal Geriatric in Veterinary Teaching Hospital Airlangga University on 2010-2011
Aging is not a disease, but a complex physiological processes, which affects many body systems and increases susceptibility to disease. Cats and dogs age differently. Cats of different breeds generally age uniformly, whereas aging and lifespan in dogs is negatively correlated with body size. Larger dogs have a shorter lifespan than smaller dogs, however this is complicated by breed; there are differences in longevity between individual breeds of a similar weight, and mixed-breed dogs live longer on average than purebred dogs. In general terms, geriatric patients are defined as those that have completed 75-80% of their anticipated life span. Due to better health care and nutrition, pet dogs and cats are living longer than ever. Along with advancing age, however, comes an increasing prevalence of diseases found in older canine and feline patients. There were no data of incidence rate nor prevalence of diseases in older canine and feline patient as well as age distribution of the age of the dog and cats at their last presentation as out-patients in Indonesia, especially in Surabaya. The aim of this study was to find out if lifespan of these companion animal really increase and determine incidence rate and geriatric diseases in canine and feline in Veterinary Teaching Hospital Airlangga University (VTHAU) from 2010-2011. Data collected from veterinary medical record of VTHAU. The incidence rate determine by Martin et al. (1987). The following criteria were examine : canine and feline distribution related disease in older age, sex related disease in older age, the appearance of the most common organ diseases and functional disturbances during life span. The oldest recorded age for a dog was 19 years and cats was 15 years. The incidence rate of geriatric disease in VTHAU was 14.19%. The sex distribution of geriatric patient were male 37.73% and female 62.27%, whereas feline have almost same distribution between sex, but female dog 58.64%, twice greater than male dog. The most geriatic problem was gastrointestinal diseases, 25.88% of cases. Genito-reproductive diseases, neoplasia, skin diseases, urinary diseases, respiratory diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, ears diseases, cardiovascular diseases, ophthalmic diseases, neurological disorders and others are 12.28, 11.84, 11.40, 8.77, 8.33, 7.02, 4.82, 4.39, 2.63, 1.32 and 1.32% respectively. As the companion animal population ages, geriatric care will be in high demand. Veterinary practitioners are a critical link in ensuring that these patients get the care they deserve.
- Author : Nusdianto Triakoso
- Source : Proceeding International Seminar : The Role of Veterinary Science on Millennium Development Goals. Surabaya. 5-6 September 2013. p 146